Urinary Tract Infection

 15 Juli 2022   


UTI is defined as bacteria in the urinary tract. From the experience of 20% of women having experienced at least one UTI

E coli bacteria cause 70-95% of UTIs. A variety of organisms are responsible for UTIs, including S saprophyticus, Proteus species, Klebsiella species, Enterococcus faecalis, other Enterobacteriaceae, and yeasts.
Eighty percent of nosocomial UTIs are associated with urethral catheterization, whereas 5-10% are associated with genitourinary manipulation. Catheters inoculate organisms into the bladder and promote colonization by providing a surface for bacterial adhesion and mucosal irritation.

Symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) in adults, especially urinary pain accompanied by urgency (unable to hold urine) and increased frequency of urination. Sensation of a full bladder or lower abdominal discomfort.

Most patients with lower UTI have suprapubic (bladder area) tenderness

The presence of high fever, chills, nausea and vomiting indicates pyelonephritis (upper UTI) rather than cystitis (lower UTI).

Appropriate antibiotic treatment leads to significantly higher symptomatic and bacteriological cure rates and better prevention of reinfection in UTI patients.